About ChenaniChenani is a small town situated in the Udhampur district of Jammu. It’s located at a distance of 90 km from the city of Jammu. This small town is regarded as the oldest state among the 22 states ruled by the Dogra kings. The town of Chenani, surrounded by the snow clad lofty Himalayas is a perfect getaway for relaxation from mundane city life. People here live in houses made of bamboo and lead a happy life by practicing farming. The town is as strong as it’s named which means "a pillar" as it has stood all the odds of time in history. The town of Chenani lends peace and solace to mind and it should definitely be in your list for next vacation.
Location of Chenani
Chenani is a small town in district Udhampur with a lot of diversity to its character. It is located at foothills of Himalayas in Shivalik range. It’s located away from the hustle and bustle of city life. The town is surrounded by lush green trees providing scenic beauty to this place. It is well connected by road and rail and tourists throng this place during the months of July to August.
History of Chenani
It is regarded as the oldest of the 22 Dogra states. It is also important from historical point of view as it was ruled by 52 generations of Anthal Rajput kings. Chenani was earlier ruled by the Ranas from whose atrocities the people got fed up and requested the king of Bilaspur to take over. Thereby the king of Bilaspur established Chenani as independent state and was ruled by the Anthal Rajputs until 1947.the small town has lot of resemblance and inheritance of culture and traditional practices of these kings.
After a century and quickly after the autonomy plunderers from Pakistan attacked Kashmir trying to take it by power yet the then Maharaja Hari Singh of the state backed by the National Conference and the Government of India fizzled their fiendish plans and marked the Instrument of Accession with India. In 1957 the Kashmir Assembly affirmed the Instrument of Accession by proclaiming the State as a basic part of India.
Ancient History of Chenani
Rulers of Chenani
With the passage of time when the sovereignty was completing and the youthful era was on its rise Kanwar Balbhadra Chand, was an extremely decent and properly decked up prince. He completed his education from Presentation Convent College, located in Srinagar and Burnhall Cambridge School, Srinagar and after the completion of his schooling took to further studies at the College of Engineering, Pune. He is very well known as the prince who later joined the Public Works Department in 1957, and worked for his own State,under the department maintained by Government of Jammu and Kashmir. He worked in different sectors until 1991 when he resigned as Chief (Works); his administrations were awarded for his whole hearted dedication by the State Government with a Medal and a testament of Merit; he was of a religious and otherworldly personality and meticulously remade the temple of the family divinity, Mata Bhagwatiji, after the temple was gutted in a fire at Chenani Palace.
Overall the Chenani town got rulers who did all they could for the betterment and upliftment of their subjects. Their main objective was protection of the people due to constant threats from various autonomous forces and these Rajput rulers always stood the test of time. They were devotees of Bhagwatiji and had built a temple in palace premises which had great significance. These rulers in totality were a just, courageous and fearless.
Geography of Chenani
Industries in Chenani
Art and Culture in Chenani
Festivals in Chenani
One of the major and most important
attractions of town of Chenani is the 3 day fair at the sudh mahadeva
temple. It is regarded as the most colorful and vibrant fair of the
region. Thousands of devotees line up to get blessings from their god.
The authorities make proper arrangements for the tourists in every
possible way. A lot of temporary sweet shops, eatery shops and toy shops
attract the tourists along with the cultural programmes to entertain
Entertainment in Chenani
The life of the people of Chenani is very simple in this regard. They prefer to sit together in their panchayats and chaupals and discuss the ways of life.
Definitely technology too would have spread its roots across the town with television and internet coming up in this 21st century to every household. For tourists also Chenani has lots to offer. To experience nature closely long treks, bike rides and forest expeditions could be carried out. At Patni top which is only few kms from Chenani lots of adventure sports and ice skating could be enjoyed to one’s heart content. The open spaces and lush green fields act ideal spots for picnics.
Tourist Places in Chenani
Although a small town, but Chenani has a lot to offer with regard to tourist places due to its picturesque beauty and calming ambience.
You can take a stroll around the town to see the tumbling Tawi pul, ancient shiv mandir known as the Sudh Mahadev temple, Samooli village and also the Ladden fort built during ancient times which has a very ancient temple of Kula Devi of Chenani in its premises. Chenani is the gateway to famous Mantaai shrines and also the popular Gourikund. You can also enjoy the scenic beauty of nature with nature walks, jogging or trekking. Apart from these, nearby Chenani you can visit Patni top, Sanasar Lake in Udhampur and also Katra Vaishno Devi shrine.
It has great tourist places of historical importance as well. Some of them are:
- Sudh Mahadeva Temple
- Laddan Fort
- Tawi Pul
- Jalandhara Mata Mandir
- Potato Farms on Hill Top
- Baglihar Dam on River Tawi
- Billo Ki Powri
- Chenani Tunnel
- Samooli Village
Transportation in ChenaniChenani is well connected by rail and road. The National Highway -1A is a very important landmark and also the most important link which connects Kashmir to rest of country.this passes through Chenani and is really well maintained.
This town has to its credit the Chenani –Nashri tunnel which is the
longest road tunnel in India. The 9.2 km long tunnel is being
constructed to reduce the distance from Jammu to Srinagar and to reduce
traffic jams caused due to snowfall and avalanches in winter at
Patnitop.Chenani is well connected by road. The National Highway-1A
which connects Kashmir to rest of India passes through Chenani thereby
making it easily accessible to all vehicles on road.
Fact File of ChenaniLatitude: 33.03°N
Major River: Tawi River
Main languages spoken: Urdu, Hindi and Dogri.
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